Female Scientist Among Three Joint Winners of Nobel Prize in Physics - Android

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Female Scientist Among Three Joint Winners of Nobel Prize in Physics - Android

The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to three physicists jointly, Arthur Ashkin of the United States, Gérard Mourou Read More

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The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to three physicists jointly, Arthur Ashkin of the United States, Gérard Mourou of France and Donna Strickland of Canada.

This year’s winners include a female laureate Donna Strickland for 55 years and the third one in the history of the prize.

The scientists’ work for using light to make miniature tools was recognized by the Nobel Committee for awarding the prestigious prize. Dr. Ashkin invented ‘optical tweezers’ which is used to study biological systems. The tweezers use pressure from a highly focused laser beam to allow researchers to hold microscopic objects steady.

Dr. Strickland and Dr. Mourou developed chirped pulse amplification, a method of generating high-intensity, ultrashort laser pulses.

Dr. Mourou’s and Dr. Strickland’s work on the high-intensity laser is used widely. This allows scientists to control the movements of fine/tiny things.

The female laurate Donna Strickland is from Canada. She is only the third woman winner of the award, along with Marie Curie, who won in 1903, and Maria Goeppoert-Mayer, who was awarded the prize in 1963.